Thrombosis - a life-threatening condition that requires immediate adequate treatment. The more important to know the early signs of this disease process, so as not to lose time and do not have to treat later complications.
What is so dangerous blood clots?
Thrombosis - is, in principle, a normal physiological process that aims to restore the integrity of the damaged vessel and preventing blood loss.
If we do not form clots, we would risk losing a critical amount of blood even when a banal abrasion. Therefore the formation of a blood clot (if necessary) - a protective reaction of the organism.
But it happens sometimes that blood clots are formed inside the vessel. It is possible three outcomes:
- detachment of thrombus with subsequent blockage of blood vessels of vital organs (heart, lungs, brain)
- complete occlusion of the vessel lumen in which the thrombus was formed, followed by necrosis (necrosis) tissue,
- resorption thrombus - from the most favorable outcomes.
Why form blood clots?
In fact, a clot is formed not only because of the increased clotting, as many think. This process involves three mechanisms:
- increased coagulation,
- blood stasis - a condition in which the blood flow slows down, it slowly flows through the blood vessels (eg, at night)
- damage the vessel wall.
The last point (damage to the wall) plays a particularly important role in the mechanism of blood clots in the deep veins. Without it, blood clot probably is not formed even when slightly clotting disorders.
A damaged panel can not only from the outside (by mechanical damage) but also from the inside. By this cause chronic illnesses - diabetes, atherosclerosis, inflammation.
The first signs of a blood clot, in which the urgent need to seek help
1. Asymmetrical swelling
If a blood clot forms in the lower limbs (namely, there is formed a large part of the blood clots), then there is swelling of the legs.
What is important - swelling while asymmetrical, that is, even visually one leg is different in size from each other. And it is - one of the first signs of thrombosis, which can not be ignored.
2. Pain in the legs
Very often, thrombus formation is accompanied by pain. But it's not unbearable pain (this happens only when a complete blockage of the vessel, when the bill is about saving limbs on the clock). She often dull, aching, shooting can be.
Leg cramps - this can also be a symptom formation in the blood vessels of a blood clot. Seizures may be accompanied by a sensation of tingling, pins and needles.
Muscle contractions can be both large when reduced, e.g., the tibia muscle, as manifested in the form of small shake.
4. Red spots or streaks on the skin
The emergence of unusual red spots or streaks on the skin of one of the limbs - this is an obvious symptom of deep vein thrombosis and a reason for treatment to the doctor as soon as possible.
5. Increase local evap
If the damaged leg is warmer to the touch point, and there appeared to specific spots, stripes, have cramps or pain - it's obvious signs of a blood clot in blood vessels.
The symptoms of thrombosis complications
Thrombus at any moment can break away and travel through the blood to the vital organs. Thus when clogging develops heart vascular infarction, cerebral - stroke, pulmonary - PATE viscera - necrosis respective bodies (it can be kidney, intestines, etc.).
In the early stages of these complications may be concerned about pain in the chest, dry paroxysmal cough, shortness of breath unfounded, expressed as dizziness or headache.
If you experience any of these symptoms should not delay seeking medical help. Because if a blood clot detaches, to save the life of the patient - it is sometimes a matter of few minutes.
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