Myocardial infarction - an acute cardiovascular events. It is a life-threatening condition that requires emergency treatment.
Manifestations of heart attack known even to a person far from medicine. These include:
- severe chest pain who do not respond by nitroglycerine,
- cold sweat,
- severe weakness.
But in some cases, acute myocardial infarction may be masked by symptoms characteristic of very different diseases.
Unrecognized myocardial time makes it impossible to provide medical assistance during the so-called "therapeutic window". It is when this assistance is the most effective and can reduce the area of myocardial necrosis.
Today I want to tell you about the most atypical forms of myocardial infarction, which can be confusing.
It is one of the manifestations of myocardial infarction, in lesions of the posterior wall of the heart muscle.
Pain is usually accompanied by bloating, vomiting. It may be even the phenomenon of intestinal obstruction due to a reflex decrease intestinal tone. Agree completely atypical pattern for heart disease.
Such patients are often put a preliminary diagnosis: "Acute abdomen", "ulcer", "pancreatitis", "cholecystitis" etc. Time made an electrocardiogram can immediately send the doctors towards the correct diagnosis.
Some patients in the development of myocardial infarction complain of a feeling of "lump" or pain in the throat when swallowing.
In fact, they simply can not correctly localized pain. This is explained by the common innervation of the pharynx and heart the vagus nerve.
Pain in the left arm
Such peripheral pain during acute myocardial infarction may be characterized by localized pains in the left shoulder joint, the forearm, the hand.
Patients attributed the pain to the bone and joint disorders, often try to self-treat pain-relieving ointments and compresses.
Painless form of myocardial ischemia are now increasingly common. One of them is asthmatic form.
At the forefront in this situation leave signs of stagnation in the light against the background of an acute cardiovascular insufficiency. There is a cough with frothy sputum, dyspnea.
Extensive myocardial infarction leads to a drastic violation of the contractility of the left ventricle. Due to the fact that the heart is unable to pump blood properly, there is a drop in blood pressure.
Vascular collapse can lead to symptoms such as:
- clammy cold sweat,
- loss of consciousness.
- speech disorder.
These symptoms are associated with a deficit of cerebral circulation, which appears due to unproductive contractions of the heart during a heart attack.
Such myocardial infarction flow type is more common in elderly patients. The differential diagnosis is carried out in such cases between heart attack and stroke.
It is important to remember that the symptoms of acute myocardial infarction may be different from the "classic". Otherwise diagnostic errors associated with atypical clinical manifestations erased course of the disease, may cause nuisance to assist a patient, wrong tactics treatment.
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