The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

It is a rare radio that gets this collector's attention. Everyone wants to get their hands on this radio and in the best possible condition. Its price is growing better than any currency and does not think to slow down. What is so unique about it?

After the Great Patriotic War, the country had no time for luxury, but much attention was paid to the release of radio receivers - this is a means of propaganda and quick information. The simplest and cheapest radios for mass production were developed.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

Keep in mind: the price of 212 rubles was pre-reform, then the average salary was 600 rubles.

In a short period of time, the Moscow, Voronezh, Aleksandrovsky, Saratov radio plants switched over to the production of these radio receivers.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

Along with budgetary "folk" radios, more solid, multi-band models were produced.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

Apparently someone in the country's leadership, in addition to solidity, also wanted external luxury. The assignment for the development of a new receiver was given to the Popov Leningrad Institute of Radio Broadcasting and Acoustics.

As was customary in the USSR, when developing a new product, the best foreign samples were studied. At that time, the recognized leader in the design of radio receivers was the French company SNRwho released the model "Excelsior 52"

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

It was not only beautiful, but also a very large radio receiver.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

A sample of this receiver was brought to the developers, but no one would have allowed to purchase European radio tubes. Therefore, both the electrical circuit and the layout had to be done on Soviet parts.

Why the appearance was copied in such detail, I do not understand. The receiver body is assembled from stamped metal sheets. Our engineers still had to make these stamps from scratch - they could have made any design changes.

The scale of our receiver is much more modest than its French counterpart in terms of the number of cities.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

The internal layout was also very different.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

The release of the radio was first mastered at the Kharkov plant "Kommunar", and then at the Moscow plant "Mospribor". For 5 years, a total of 674 thousand units were produced.

Produced in two colors: red and green, with more reds

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

While discussing the design merits of this radio, people forget the main thing: it was the first attempt to get away from wooden cases for technological stamping.. Making wooden hulls was a very laborious and hazardous endeavor. I have already talked about the explosion in the case shop of the Minsk Radio Plant. here.

Few people pay attention to the mysterious "ISH" on the radio

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

This abbreviation means that the radio is not a luxury, but only SHIRP CONSUMER PRODUCT.

In terms of copying the design, the Italians turned out to be the smartest of all - they released cheap dual-band receivers in such a case.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

A year after the release of "Star 54", the French SNR delighted the world with its new radio model: "Excelsior 55"

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

This model has been recognized as the most elegant in the world. Next came the model "Oceanic", once again proving the amazing artistic taste of the company's designers SNR.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"
The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

The Iron Corps never got mass distribution. Wooden hulls were able to displace only plastic ones.

Special thanks to the virtual radio museum for photographic materials.

The founder of shirpotrebovskaya luxury in radio equipment - "Zvezda-54"

Look back in TABLE OF CONTENTSmy channel, there are many equally interesting articles.

  • Share:
Instagram story viewer