The theme of this article: bricklaying, masonry as well as the inner corner of the brick on the rod for the novice masters.
Masonry with your hands is possible in the event that you are well acquainted with the theory.
So, prepare the tools for the job. Here is a list of what we will need:
a hammer (or mallet)
For beginners, masters recommended level of 80 centimeters.
Laying wall occurs in 7 steps:
prepare a solution of
Before laying directly, let us waterproofing the foundation, or rather its upper part. We will use the roofing material. Put it into two layers, the second layer covers the first joints of about 10 centimeters. For better contact roofing material can be impregnated with bitumen mastic or heat burner. Now on the market a great variety of types of roofing material, so be guided by your budget.
Why do we need waterproofing the upper part of the foundation? Our task is to protect the masonry from moisture penetration from the foundation.
Now you can proceed to the masonry. But do not get mixed up a solution before this need to make a large, but very important work. Spread the first row of bricks around the perimeter of the basement dry.
What for? Everything is very simple. Worthy of imitation masonry is the one where all the bricks the whole, without halves, etc. Using pieces of brick is not critical, but it is much more beautiful wall of whole bricks. Because we start laying bricks on the perimeter of the foundation without the use of mortar. Vertical seam doing 10 millimeters.
To get the same seam on all the joints of bricks, you can use a pencil or rod.
If a result, the foundation brick hanging from the corner or conversely does not reach it, the suture size can slightly increase or decrease (± 2 mm). Unfortunately, this method will not work if the laying of a small size. In this case, at the corner of the basement, you can use a piece of brick, only need to prepare it in advance. In the future, when laying with a solution, we suggest you use the same bricks as in the dry laying, since all the bricks are a little different from the standard sizes.
Preparations for the work you need to take in advance of mixing the components of the solution. The solution starts to set after 2-3 hours after mixing, and unless advance prepare tool can lose part of the solution. What we need to do:
Prepare the necessary equipment (listed earlier in this article)
Prepare a brick, put near the foundation
If you are working with a maroon brick, it is recommended to soak it in water. Wet brick is not immediately grasped in the solution and you will be able to eliminate the masonry defects, if any. The same is done for the brick itself does not absorb water from the solution, and thus it does not spoil characteristics.
Begin laying normally with angles, they will become the basis for the design, as well as will serve us as a starting point in the construction of the wall. The wall will be laid using prichalku for better accuracy. The cord will pull after erect buildings corners.
Next, prepare the "cushion" solution. If this is your first placement experience, we recommend you prepare a pillow under the brick, which will be laid, not on the entire series. The layer of solution was determined at about eye, but it must be remembered that after laying the bricks, the weld size should be approximately 12 millimeters (GOST). Remember that the cushion of the solution should not be close to the edge of the foundation, it is necessary to make a gap of 2-3 centimeters. To have turned a vertical seam 10 millimeters, you can use a pencil or a rod with a diameter of 10-12 mm.
Construction of the wall will start from the corners. Put brick with mortar, slightly knocking with a hammer to drawdown. We look at the level that there are no deviations, corrects gently hammer bricks if there are discrepancies. We pay special attention to the corners, because it depends on the angles of the structural strength.
How do I know whether a strictly perpendicular to the ground corners of our future home, whether the wall had fallen on one side? This will help us to plumb more accurate means of comparison with the level.
Another useful tip. To find out if our horizontal masonry, you can use a special tool called poryadovkoy. Poryadovkoy need to set clear vertically, at the corners of our masonry. At the very poryadovkoy knurled the thickness of our brick seam + (10-12 millimeters).
If you pulled the cord (fishing line, thick thread, etc.) and built the corners, you can proceed to the laying of the first row. The cord may be attached to poryadovkoy or hammer a nail into the seam at the corners. Make sure the cord does not have slack. Make a small indentation on the bricks of 2-3 mm, so that the thread is not in contact with the masonry. On the stretched cord begin laying the bricks between the two angles.
Carefully controlled thickness joints, check the level of vertical and horizon. Next we stack the rest of the series, keeping the dressing seams. Under this scheme, laid the rest of the structure of the wall. Remove excess cement immediately until the solution solidified. To horizontal joints a smooth, neat, you can use a long metal rod.
Observe the dressing seams! Remember that brick joints of one row should not coincide with seams in the other series!
Masonry with your hands - it is extremely responsible, but how do you lead, nothing complicated about it.
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